CONCEPTUALIZATION OF А SITUATION ACCORDING TO THE PROPOSITIONAL MODEL “OBJECT AND ITS FEATURE” (as seen in the English language)
Svetlana E. Kuzmina
Nizhny Novgorod Linguistics University
The aim of the article is to explore the propositional model “object and its feature”: reveal the kinds of situations structured in accordance with this model, mechanisms of their conceptualization and representation in the structure of English utterances. For these purposes the author analyses lexically different utterances with the nominal predicate, determines the basic, prototypical experiences and, thus, the types of propositions encoded by the structural pattern of the utterances, and then studies various situations described by such utterances. The study has shown that the model “object and its feature” is represented by four variants: “object and its property”, “object and its quality”, “object and its state”, “objects and their number”. The former two correspond to prototypical situations and are metaphorically projected onto static and dynamic situations of various domains: an object’s being in a certain state, object perception, attitude of a subject to an object, influence of a subject on an object, possession, etc. The model may be mapped onto one domain in several regular ways. The mappings are grounded in experiential interrelation of situations, similarity of their structures and are supported by ontological metaphors. Among the factors determining ways of interpreting a situation and, consequently, the choice of structural patterns for utterances are figure-ground alignment in the situation, distribution of roles between the participants in accordance with their relative salience and the communicative aim of the utterance. These findings may contribute to teaching non-native speakers the ways of choosing authentic and communicatively relevant ways of making an utterance about a certain situation.
situation, typical proposition, propositional model, sentence pattern, conceptual metaphor
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